The Art of Bribery: a Closeup Look at How Traffic Officers Operate on Kenya’s Roads

General Service Unit officers, part of Kenya’s police service, stop a commercial vehicle at a checkpoint. Tony Karumba//AFP via Getty Images Gedion Onyango, University of Nairobi A first-time driver on Kenyan roads is likely to think that commercial and passenger service vehicles are highly regulated. Drivers are frequently stopped by police officers, who are ubiquitous […]

Vigilantism in South Africa Carries Historical Imprints of Past Violence Against Black People

Family members wash away blood at the scene of a shooting in Khayelitsha, Cape Town, where seven people were shot dead in May. Brenton Geach/Gallo Images Gail Super, University of Toronto South Africa’s history of discrimination, racial segregation and extralegal violence has influenced patterns of violence today. Colonial and apartheid governments ruled through violence and […]